The Benefits Of Play For A Childs Development

Play helps children understand the world and discover how their bodies work. We explain the benefits of play and find out how to encourage rich playtime experiences.


"Play is something done for its own sake," says psychiatrist Stuart Brown, author of "Play," He writes: "It's voluntary, it's pleasurable, it offers a sense of engagement, it takes you out of time. And the act itself is more important than the outcome."

With this definition in mind, it's easy to recognise play's potential benefits. Play nurtures relationships with oneself and others. It relieves stress and increases happiness. It builds feelings of empathy, creativity, and collaboration. It supports the growth of sturdiness and grit. When children are deprived of opportunities for play, their development can be significantly impaired. 

Play - ironically - is not frivolous. It is not something to do after the "real work" is done. Play is the real work of childhood. Through it, children have their best chance for becoming whole, happy adults.


We believe that play is the primary way for childhood development. Below are just some of the ways children learn through play: 

  • When children play, they are developing skills in all areas of development: cognitive, physical, communication, and social/emotional. They practise and reinforce these skills in a way that can't be achieved through worksheets or screen time.
  • Play promotes healthy habits by actively engaging children in the world around them. Outside play especially counteracts issues many children face today, such as childhood obesity.
  • Play is a natural stress reliever, and an outlet that allows children to work through their anxiety and fears.
  • Play allows children to test out new ideas and make connections between their previous experiences and their active investigations.
  • Children make their own decisions during play; they begin to make connections between their choices and the natural consequences of those choices.
  • Play supports the development of self-control which is critical for success later in life. Children play because they have a deep desire to understand the world. Play allows opportunities for them to regulate their feelings, delay gratification, and negotiate with others, all important aspects of developing self-control.
  • The spontaneity of play promotes risk-taking as children interact with materials and their environment. The sense of the unknown helps children develop mental flexibility and executive function.
  • Play helps children develop mindfulness while feeling safe and secure to try new ideas and experiment. As children become engrossed in play, they suspend awareness of time and space, becoming fully present in the task at hand.

Parenting Tips for encouraging rich play

Children need open-ended, unscheduled times to explore and discover.

Learning happens most effectively with open-ended materials that can be used in multiple ways to nurture creativity in children. Try hands-on materials like blocks, sand, water, dirt, child-sized wheelbarrows, small shovels, ramps, balls etc.

Sometimes the purpose of the object for children's play is clear (like a doll is for holding and pretending to be a parent). Sometimes the purpose of the object for play time only becomes clear in the child's creative hands-a stick could become a magic wand, the pole for a flag, something to stir with, or a pointer to show which way to go.

Child's play time can be enhanced by the presence of a caring adult

Set aside an hour as often as you can each week to spend some quality time with your child and do exactly what he or she wants to do. Your child leads the play time and you follow. That means if your child wants you to sit in the sandbox with them, you do it. Or if they want you to play the baby and they plays the mum, you do it.   Your presence enables another level of meaningful play to happen. Your child may use your attention to figure out a tough situation with a friend, re-enact a doctor's visit, or try something new and challenging, like walking on a balance beam.

You may also want to help guide your child's play while on a play date or at the park. Of course we all want our children to move in the direction of associative and cooperative play, but that takes time. You can coach your child, "I see you looking at Aiden. Shall we go over and ask if he'd like to climb with us?"

Children's play is a rich opportunity for your child's development, like learning new concepts and how to interact with others. Adults can follow a child's lead or offer gentle guidance, but play is at its richest when children are in charge. 

For more information, take a look at the webinar - 'Say Yes to play'; created by our US colleague, Rachel Robertson sharing some new ideas you can use to engage with your child in playful ways throughout the day - after all, the power of play has no boundaries!

Say Yes to play